1967 - 1972

Click for a larger image, as ever. The date code on the red CCL capacitor is printed in plain - DEC 68. Detail from the preamp of Defiant no. 2032, a strange one. See further on this page.

As has long been known, date codes of components are a valuable means of establishing dates *after which* an amp must have been made - termini post quem. Clearly one does not know how long a capacitor, for instance, lay in its box or bin at the Burndept factory before being used, but the dates provided are nonetheless useful and sometimes extremely revealing.

By and large the codes themselves are fairly straightforward: year and month are given in the form either of a number and letter, or two letters.

The month is always a letter: A-L = January-December. In the case of American-made Lemco capacitors and RCA transistors, however, "I" was skipped, so A-H = January-August; J-M = September-December.

The standard British letter code for 1966 was "X". 1967 = "Y" and 1968 = "Z". The alphabetical sequence started again with "A" in 1969.

In general terms, the axioms are: identify as many codes as possible on a spread of components (making sure that they are indeed original), and always use the *latest* as a terminus post quem for the production of the amp.


These are found in the preamps of JMI-made solid state amps, i.e. ones made in 1967. The successor company of JMI - Vox Sound Equipment Ltd - went over to Mullard mustards for signal caps and blue Philips for coupling caps.

The code on both Lemcos is "YB". "Y" = 1967, "B" = February, thereby giving us a starting point. The red CCL cap. left of picture also gives Feb. 1967 in a different format (see immediately below). For the date codes of the Mullard mustard caps used in later (VSEL) amps, see lower down this page.


These were used throughout the solid state range until the end of production, c. 1972.

Most CCL capacitors have a letter and number code for month and year. In the capacitor pictured above it is at the end of the printed text: "L6" = December 1966. The amp: an early Conqueror.

Evidently this capacitor was a least a couple of months old before being used. Pre-production amps were still being signed off in January.


The code is a number for year, and a letter for month (skipping "I", as mentioned).

Above, a detail from Supreme no. 1258. The code is 7M = December 1967. The power section of this amp, which is a standard JMI unit, was therefore finished off well after JMI had folded.


These are found in the bias string of the power amp, and on the output board of the underchassis:

Above, the bias boards of Supreme no. 1087, badly damaged by the heat generated by these resistors. Being on the rear of the boards, they are normally hidden from view. The date codes are "XL" = 1966, December.

The positions of the boards are indicated on the pic below:


The date codes of Mullard mustards are slightly different. Letter A-D for the quarter of the year; a number for the year; a letter indicating the factory.

Above, a detail of the preamp of a VSEL Supreme. The cap. in the upper right of the pic. has the code "D8N" = last quarter of 1968, either the Southend factory (not Blackburn as originally stated), or Foots Cray in Kent, only a step away from Erith. These caps were made in great quantities, so it is not unusual to find some early ones in relatively late amps.